By measuring the amount of carbon-14 remaining, scientists can pinpoint the exact date of the organism's death.
Eventually, the entire ecosystem (community of plants and animals) of the planet, including humans, is filled with a concentration of carbon-14.
As long as an organism is alive, the supply of carbon-14 is replenished.
Dating techniques are procedures used by scientists to determine the age of an object or a series of events.
The two main types of dating methods are relative and absolute.
By measuring the amount of original and transformed atoms in an object, scientists can determine the age of that object.
Cosmic rays: Invisible, high-energy particles that constantly bombard Earth from all directions in space.Absolute dates must agree with dates from other relative methods in order to be valid.The most widely used and accepted form of absolute dating is radioactive decay dating. Radioactive decay refers to the process in which a radioactive form of an element is converted into a nonradioactive product at a regular rate.These include the uranium-thorium method, the potassium-argon method, and the rubidium-strontium method. Thermoluminescence (pronounced ther-moeloo-mi-NES-ence) dating is very useful for determining the age of pottery.When a piece of pottery is heated in a laboratory at temperatures more than 930°F (500°C), electrons from quartz and other minerals in the pottery clay emit light.Since certain species of animals existed on Earth at specific times in history, the fossils or remains of such animals embedded within those successive layers of rock also help scientists determine the age of the layers.